Bratislava Savings Bank, Bratislava

Procol of a general meeting of shareholders (February 12, 1843)
Procol of a general meeting of shareholders (February 12, 1843)

The oldest records tucked away in the NBS Archives are those recording the activities of banks and savings societies established around the middle of the 19th century. Bratislava was the first town in Slovakia to open an independent financial institution with the name of Bratislavská sporiteľňa, úastinná spoločnosť. It was founded in 1842 under the original name of "Pressburger Sparkasse." As a matter of fact, this particular savings society was the first commercial financial institution ever to be run as a joint stock enterprise. The project was masterminded by town counsellor Pavol Ballus. The founding assembly met on October 10, 1841, appointing count Frantisek Zichy Jr. as chairman. Soon thereafter, the bank's first treasury was opened on January 2, 1842. In 1920, the enterprise became "Bratislavska prva sporiva banka" stock company and continued business for another 25 years before its liquidation in 1945. About 61 meters of documentation remain to remind us of over a century's work. Some of the oldest documents, such as minutes of the executive boards and advisory bodies, annual reports and closing accounts, are written in German and Hungarian, with the first texts in Slovak starting to appear around 1919.

A bill of exchange from 1864
A bill of exchange from 1864